tg-machines
tg-machines
tg-machines
tg-machines

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Odour control system

The rendering industry demands very good odour control technologies. Bad smell generated in this industry has big emissions per tonne of the processed material. The range of odour from animal by-products has different origins from cooking, drying, and pressing. Air is contaminated by substances of organic origin, such as oxide, sulfur, ammonia, and nitrogen generated from vapors or hot air. Each raw material has different degrees of contamination. In general, the air can be treated by:
 
  • Condensation of the contaminated vapor
  • Incineration of vapors
  • Direct water injection in the gas scrubbers
  • Indirect heat exchanger application for condensing of vapor
  • Chemical treatment and biofilter utilization

 

Vapour odour control unit

Contaminated air in animal by-products processing plants can be divided into vapor handling and odour handling. Vapour is generated by water evaporation. Heat can be recovered from the vapor stream because it contains energy, which can be utilized in rendering plants. Waste heat can be utilized for heating hot water for cleaning or other purposes. Main vapor control equipment can be divided to:

  • Recuperative thermal oxidizer
  • Air-cooled condenser
  • Shell and tube heat exchanger
 

Recuperative thermal oxidizer 

A recuperative thermal oxidizer uses a known air-to-air metal heat exchanger to recover heat from hot, purified air before it is released into the atmosphere. Heat recovery can reach the level of 70%. Recovered heat can be utilized in a rendering plant.
  • The vapors generated in the cooking and drying process are treated in a thermal oxidizer
  • Waste odour vapor is burned in a thermal oxidizer, additional process air is required
  • Waste heat from thermal oxidizers is used for saturated steam generation
  • High capacity removal efficiency of odour
 

Air-cooled condenser

An air-cooled condenser is a dry direct cooling system in which steam is condensed inside air-cooled finned tubes. The flow of cool ambient air out of the finned tubes is what removes heat and determines the functionality of the odour removal system.

  • The vapors generated in the cooking and drying process are treated in an air-cooled condenser
  • Fans draw ambient air into the condenser and pass through the pipes, condensing the process vapors
  • The non-condensable gases flow to odour treatment plant
  • The fluids are transported to the customer's wastewater treatment plant
 
 

Odour control

 In the rendering plant, we deal with contamination of room air, process air, and non-condensable gases treatment. Main odour control equipment can be divided to:
  • Recuperative thermal oxidizer
  • Biofilter
  • Chemical treatment with a deodorizing unit
  • Chemical treatment with a chemical tower
 

Recuperative thermal oxidizer 

  • Odour generated in the rendering plants is treated in a thermal oxidizer
  • Thermal oxidation of volatile organic compounds takes place
  • Waste heat from thermal oxidizers is reused for steam generation
 

Biofilter

  • Non-condensable and process air treatment
  • The smells are blown through the biobed. The microorganisms in the materials of the biobed break down unpleasant odour
  • Clean air after treatment is directly released into the atmosphere
 

Chemical treatment with a deodorizing unit

  • Non-condensable volatile organic compounds (vocs) 
  • Chemical treatment of the odour
  • Clean air after treatment is directly released into the atmosphere
 

Chemical treatment with a chemical tower

  • Room air purification
  • Chemical purification of the odour
  • Clean air released into the atmosphere